Graduate School Advice

How to Apply to Environmental Graduate Programs

An overview of how to approach the application process for an environmental Master’s or PhD program

So you want to go to graduate school in an environmental field. After extensively researching your options, you find a program that looks like a great match for you… 

Now what.

Don’t Let the Graduate School Application Process Intimidate You

Often, the worst part of applying to environmental graduate programs is knowing where to even start. While the undergraduate application process follows a pretty straightforward path, things tend to get more complicated when it comes to Master’s and PhD admissions. For many prospective students, the thought of applying to graduate school can induce fear and confusion.

You may have heard horror stories about the dreaded process of contacting potential advisors. Perhaps you’re confused about the numerous application requirements and how they vary by school. 

Let me guess…your undergraduate curriculum didn’t include a crash course on applying to graduate school? In this article, we break down the application process for environmental Master’s and PhD programs. We explain how steps can vary across schools. We give tips to help you navigate the process like a pro!


The Two Stages of the Graduate Admissions Process

For most research-based graduate programs in environmental fields, the application process follows two distinct stages:

Stage 1: Connect with a Graduate Advisor

You contact professors to inquire if they would be willing to take you on as a graduate student and serve as your advisor. You must get approval from a professor to serve as your advisor before the program will accept you.

This process typically includes: 

  • Sending an email inquiry
  • Submitting your resume/CV, recommendations, and personal statement
  • Interviewing with professor 

Stage 2: Submit Formal Application to the School

You submit a formal application package to the school. For some schools, you must complete Stage 1 and secure your advisor before you can submit your formal application. For other schools, you can undertake both stages at the same time.

The application package typically includes:

  • application paperwork
  • personal statement 
  • recommendations 
  • undergraduate transcripts
  • GRE scores (if required)

Further in the article, we go into more detail on how to successfully complete each of these stages. 

Programs with a Single-Stage Application Process

Some graduate programs follow a single-stage process in which you apply by submitting an application package to the department or graduate school. This simplified process largely mirrors the undergraduate application experience. 

Single Stage: Submit Formal Application to the School

The application package typically includes:

  • application paperwork
  • personal statement 
  • recommendations 
  • undergraduate transcripts
  • GRE scores (if required)

What Types of Programs have a Single-Stage Application Process?

For coursework-based, Master’s programs, you typically apply by submitting an application package. These non-thesis (and increasingly online) programs emphasize professional development rather than research. You may need to interview with faculty and take other steps. However, you usually do not need to secure a faculty advisor before formally applying.  

You can view a full list of non-thesis Master’s programs using the CJB Network search tool.


Examples: Programs with Single-Stage Application Process

  Colorado State University’s Natural Resource Stewardship – Master’s program

♦  Unity College’s Environmental GIS – Master’s program


Some research-based, Master’s programs allow students to select an advisor after enrollment, but this is less common.

In both of these scenarios, program admission depends on the formal application process – not the discretion of any specific advisor. 

When Should I Apply?

Early in your graduate school search, you should sketch out the application timeline for the programs that interest you. You need to know the application due dates in order to plan when you need to acquire references and contact potential advisors. It will serve you best to do these steps well in advance of any due date. 

Pro Tip: It can take a long time to complete preliminary steps like getting your references and connecting with potential advisors. Begin these steps at least several months prior to your target application date to give yourself enough time.

Fortunately, most environmental graduate programs follow a similar schedule for their application due dates. 

On average, the majority of schools accept fall admission graduate applications around December and January. 

For instance, for a Master’s of Environmental Science that begins in the fall of 2021, a school would typically review applications for priority consideration in December or January of 2020.

There are exceptions to this pattern, so you should always carefully note the application due dates for your specific programs of interest.

Keep in mind, some schools will also have separate deadlines for domestic and international students. It is also important to consider fall or spring admission – some schools offer the option to begin a graduate program in the spring, while others only accept applicants for the fall.

Pro Tip: You should always discuss application dates with potential graduate advisors. Some advisors will have certain timeframes when they anticipate selecting their graduate students. This could be in advance of the school’s formal deadline. In some cases, an advisor may already accept you into his or her lab before you have even submitted your application – we will go into more detail on this in the next section. 

Connecting With Your Graduate Advisor

If you are only considering a non-thesis, coursework-based Master’s, then you can probably skip this section.  However, for most research-based programs, you will need to find a graduate advisor who will take you on as a student. 

As part of your graduate school search, you will be scouring department websites, reading academic papers and talking to your network – all with the goal of identifying potential advisors who could be a great match for you. 

What do you do once you have identified an ideal professor to hopefully serve as your advisor? 

This section looks at the steps you can take to successfully make your hope for a connection into a reality. 

Sending an Email of Inquiry

As a first step in connecting with a potential advisor, you can send an Email of Inquiry in which you introduce yourself and express your interest in a graduate opportunity. 

It is perfectly normal to feel absolute dread about the idea of sending emails to professors who don’t know you. Take a deep breath. You can do it! 

What to Include in an Email of Inquiry

An effective Email of Inquiry will communicate the key information while keeping the overall message focused and concise. If you want to see what an Email of Inquiry looks like in the environmental sciences, the American Ornithological Society has crafted a great template. 

Keep in mind the following best practices:

  • Write a Good Subject Line – Make sure it is relevant, focused, and matter-of-fact. Professors get overwhelmed with emails. The subject line is what they see in their inbox, and it can affect whether or not they open the email.  
  • Present Relevant Research and Experience – You want to grab the professor’s attention and show why you are a great candidate. Stick to the main points. Attach your resume/CV for the fine details.
  • Explain Why You Are Interested – In your emails to professors, you want to explain what it is about their research, the lab, and the program that interests you. You may want to note specific literature published by the advisor that captured your attention. 
  • Keep Your Email Lean and Focused – You want to strike a balance between presenting the key information and keeping your message focused and not overly long. 

See our Email of Inquiry Checklist below for a review of what to include in your message.

If you do not receive a response to your email, don’t feel discouraged. They may have overlooked your message. They may be delayed in responding. You can send a polite follow-up email after a week or so. If you still do not hear back, you can continue sending additional follow up emails until you receive a response.

Advisor Applications

In some cases, advisors will require interested students to complete an application separate from the formal graduate school admissions process. These applications will vary from advisor to advisor. For the application, you might need to include: a short essay, your resume/CV, a summary of previous research experience, GPA, GRE scores, and references. If an advisor requires an application, you can still send an introductory email.

Sometimes, professors will explicitly advertise assistantship opportunities. These listings will typically present specific application steps. You should always thoroughly review an advisor’s website to not overlook these opportunities and application instructions. 

What Comes Next?

Now…let’s say you receive a response from your top choice advisor. What are the next steps? They can vary amongst advisors, but here’s what you can expect:

The advisor may ask for a phone or video interview to get to know you better. If this goes well, he or she may also invite you to visit the lab on campus and meet with other graduate students in the program. 

If the advisor does not explicitly mention an in-person visit, I encourage you to ask. Here’s why:

  1. It shows you are truly invested in the opportunity 
  2. It gives you a better idea of whether the program and lab are right for you

Pro Tip: Some schools will encourage applicants to contact advisors before applying to research-based programs, but will state it is not required. ALWAYS reach out to advisors in these cases – otherwise, you will put yourself at a disadvantage to other applicants.

Formally Applying to the School

Before completing your formal application to the school, you should try to figure out the weight it carries.

For coursework-based Master’s programs, the school may focus exclusively on your formal application in determining whether you get in. For some research-based programs, the approval of your advisor will play a much more important role than your application.  

Regardless, you should make sure you follow application instructions carefully. 

Below, we list the common components of environmental graduate program applications:

  • resume/CV
  • letters of recommendation
  • GRE scores (if required)
  • undergraduate transcripts
  • statement of purpose/personal statement
  • Application fee (varies, generally $65-$85)
  • International Applicants: TOEFL or IELTS scores

You will notice that some of the components of the formal application also play a role in your engagement with advisors. When you contact potential advisors, they will also likely want to see your CV, letters of recommendation, GRE scores, and statement of purpose before making a decision. 

Statement of Purpose

Your application essay, commonly known as a statement of purpose, is a chance for you to present yourself in writing. Make sure to explain your objectives and goals in pursuing a graduate degree. It is important to include:

  • why you are pursuing your specific degree track
  • why the school’s program is right for you
  • the type of research (or professional work) you are interested in pursuing
  • how you will add value to the program

For more information on creating a strong statement of purpose, check out this template by Northeastern University.


Application Requirements

Now that you have a solid foundation of how to approach the application process, let’s crunch some numbers. Below we run through what environmental graduate programs are looking for in your GRE scores, GPA, undergraduate coursework, and additional requirements.

> Do I need to take the GRE?

If you dislike standardized testing, we have some good news for you. Environmental graduate schools are increasingly waiving the GRE requirement. 

CJB Network has compiled listings of every environmental graduate program in the United States including admissions requirements. Over 38% of environmental Master’s programs do not require the GRE. 

If the GRE requirement is really getting you down, CJB Network’s search tool allows you to filter out schools that require the GRE. 

For programs that do not require the GRE, you can still submit your result, and you will probably want to do so if you scored highly.

> What are the minimum GRE scores accepted by most environmental graduate programs?

As a general rule of thumb, you should try to score in at least the 50th percentile across each section in the GRE. Many programs will prefer you score higher than the 50th percentile, but you can use this as your baseline to gauge your progress while preparing for the test.

Always do your due diligence and check out the numbers for your specific programs of interest. Some schools set explicit minimum scores. Many schools require the GRE but do not set a minimum. If you reach out to your program of interest, they may tell you the average percentiles for admitted applicants (e.g. “most accepted applicants score in the 80th percentile across verbal and quantitative sections”). 

Ideally, your GRE results will meet or exceed these averages. However, keep in mind that most graduate programs will view your applications holistically. You can retake the GRE as many times as you want. If you are on the fence about retaking the test, it doesn’t hurt to reach out to the graduate school for advice.

You should also ask potential advisors if they would like to see GRE test scores. While the program itself may not require it, some advisors may request you still take the test.

> Is my undergraduate GPA good enough for environmental graduate school?

About ⅔ of environmental graduate programs set a minimum GPA that applicants must meet in order to be accepted. For these programs, the minimum GPA requirement averages 3.0. If your GPA falls short of this number, do not stress. The minimum GPA requirement varies by program. Furthermore, many programs will view your GPA together with other factors like your experiences and personal statement. Simply put, for many programs you can overcome a GPA below 3.0.

Worried your GPA won’t make the cut? Using CJB Network’s search tool, you can filter schools based on their GPA requirements.

> Is my undergraduate coursework enough?

Many environmental graduate programs require that applicants have completed certain undergraduate coursework. These requirements vary widely but typically include core subjects related to the program focus.

If you lack some of the required coursework for program admission, the department may insist that you take these classes prior to enrollment. 

> I’m an international student. Are there additional application requirements for me?

Most environmental graduate programs require that international students take the TOEFL, IELTS, or PTE. These standardized tests assess skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking English. Always check with the schools to determine which test results they accept and if they have set any minimum requirements.

International students may be exempt from taking these exams if they received undergraduate degrees from institutions where all class instruction was in English.

Now What?

Now that you have a basic understanding of the application process to environmental graduate programs, it’s time to get to work. Whether it be sending cold emails, preparing for the GREs, or crafting your statement of purpose, it’s important to remember persistence is key. 


Graduate Advisors Marine Science Research Labs

Exploring Marine Science Research Labs for Graduate School

Gain insight into the marine science disciplines available for graduate students. Learn first-hand what graduate advisors are seeking in the applicants to their labs.

If you are considering graduate school in the marine sciences, then you should be exploring the following questions:

  • What research do I want to do in graduate school?
  • Which research labs and advisors could be a good match for me?

Why are these questions important? Before you can apply and get into most programs, you first need to find a professor who shares your interests and is willing to accept you into the research lab. 

Typically, graduate advisors seek students with a clear understanding of the type of work they want to pursue and the expectations of the marine research lab for which they are applying.

And of course, you want to make sure you will truly enjoy (and benefit from) your years of graduate research work.

But prospective students face a vast array of marine science research topics, labs, and graduate programs (over 150 programs in just the U.S). Simply put, the search process can be daunting.

Learning About Marine Research Labs and Graduate Advisors

In this article, we navigate the world of marine science research to help you explore your interests and learn more about graduate school labs and advisors.

We present 12 labs across a diverse range of marine science research topics to help you answer the following questions:

  • What types of research are marine science labs conducting?
  • What work can I expect to do as a marine science graduate student?
  • What do graduate advisors look for in their applicants?

Hopefully, this will expand your understanding of the possibilities for graduate experiences in the marine sciences. And maybe you will even find that one of these labs is a great match for you!


1. The Kudela Lab


Who: Dr. Raphael Kudela
Research Area: Phytoplankton Ecology & Remote Sensing
Related Programs: Ocean Sciences MS | Ocean Sciences PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Kudela’s lab employs satellite data, remote sensing imagery, and in situ data to study and model phytoplankton dynamics in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Currently, he and his students are expanding on the use of the Imaging FlowCytobot (IFCB). The IFCB is an automated underwater submersible that collects images of phytoplankton and other particles in the water column. This instrument is useful for studying coastal ecology and harmful algal blooms.

The Kudela Lab is also using drones and satellite data to map Northern California kelp forests. 

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“First, can they articulate why they want an MS or PhD? This is particularly useful for PhD, to make sure they’ve thought about their career path and what they hope to accomplish with a degree.

Second, research experience is always helpful…doesn’t have to be in something directly related to my lab, but it helps to know that they understand what research is about. 

Third, a strong STEM background. Again, I don’t disqualify students that are missing something (like statistics), but for oceanography you need a good background if you are going to finish the degree in a reasonable amount of time.” 

Lastly, when we get to the point of meeting the prospective student, I always encourage them to meet my other students and the faculty to make sure it’s a good fit in terms of personalities, school size, areas of research, etc.”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in phytoplankton ecology.
  2. You want to enhance your skills in processing satellite data.



2. Cnidarian Immunity Laboratory 


Who: Dr. Nikki Traylor-Knowles
Research Area: Coral/Cnidarian Immunity & Conservation
Related Programs: Marine Biology & Ecology MS | Marine Biology & Ecology PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Traylor-Knowles’s lab currently focuses on six areas of cnidarian research:

  •  Stem cells in corals and sea anemones: The goal of this research is to understand the underlying mechanisms of stress tolerance in corals by transferring stem cells from resilient corals to vulnerable corals.
  • Cellular immunity of corals and sea anemones: The goal of this research is to understand the underlying cellular functions that occur during heat stress-induced coral bleaching.
  • Ctenophore immunity: This research area studies the evolution of immunity in Mnemiopsis leidyi, a species of comb jelly (a.k.a sea walnut).
  • Coral disease and immunity
  • Environmental interactions and coral immunity
  • Coral holobiont immunity

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“I look for students that are driven and excited to work independently. They are organized and can take direction. They are excited at taking risks and using innovative techniques to answer impactful questions about coral immunity.”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in coral conservation.
  2. You would like to spend most of your time in a laboratory.
  3. You want to contribute to new advancements in coral research.



3. Aaron B. Carlisle


Who: Dr. Aaron Carlisle
Research Area: Ecology of Marine & Estuarine Organisms
Related Programs: Marine Studies MS 

Lab Description: 

Dr. Carlisle’s lab studies the behavior, geographical distributions, life history, and ecology of fishes and elasmobranchs (sharks, skates, and rays). 

He and his students observe the interactions between the environment, ecology, and physiology to better understand these organisms’ roles in the ecosystem. The exciting part of this work is the application of this research to conservation efforts. 

His research combines a healthy mix of lab-based, field-based, and computational strategies, i.e. stable isotope analysis, satellite or acoustic tagging, and habitat/biophysical modeling.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“In general, I look for students that have enthusiasm, curiosity, and experience. Strong analytical, computational (i.e. computer programming), and writing skills are definitely a strong plus, but experience, whether from having a Master’s degree (if pursuing a PhD), undergraduate research experience, volunteer/work experience in science/research, etc. is probably one of the most important things I look for in a graduate student.”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in multidisciplinary research.
  2. You are interested in marine conservation.
  3. You want to do fieldwork with sharks and rays.
  4. You want to enhance your technical skills.  



4. Cetacean Conservation & Genomics Laboratory 


Who: Dr. Scott Baker
Research Area: Marine Mammals
Related Programs: Wildlife Science MS | Wildlife PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Scott Baker’s lab researches whales, dolphins, and porpoises to support marine mammal conservation efforts. Primarily, his lab studies the changes in great whale populations through time and in response to human activities. 

His lab’s current focus is on the endangered New Zealand Maui dolphin and beaked whales.

In a collaborative study from 2004 to 2006, his team collected data on humpback whales in the North Pacific to understand changes in their population. In a project known as gene SPLASH, his team conducted genetic analyses of skin biopsy samples to better understand these population structures.

Students in the Cetacean Conservation and Genomics Laboratory can also become involved in marine policy. The lab is affiliated with the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission and the Cetacean Specialist Group of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“I look for good academic performance and driving curiosity, hopefully with a congenial temperament.”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in marine mammals.
  2. You are interested in conservation and marine policy. 



5. Hunt Lab


Who: Dr. Dana Hunt
Research Area: Marine Microbial Ecology
Related Programs: Marine Science & Conservation PhD

Lab Description:

The Hunt Lab aims to understand the factors that influence bacterial diversity and dynamics in marine ecosystems. Dr. Hunt and her students also study bacterial responses to pollutants. 

There are currently three main areas of research conducted in the Hunt Lab:

  •  Marine bacterioplankton diversity and dynamics
  •  Interactions between marine bacterioplankton and marine microenvironments
  •  Responses of microbes to pollutants 

Dr. Hunt and her students also study how marine bacterioplankton respond to larger environmental changes, like ocean acidification.

The effects of ocean acidification are better understood with the help of a collaborative local time series, known as the Pivers Island Coastal Observatory,  that is continually expanded upon by new students.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“The ideal student has some research experience in the area I study (microbial ecology) so they know what research is like.  While specific skills (especially being comfortable with programming) is valuable, something more difficult to teach is resilience, which is critical to overcoming the challenges of research where things rarely turn out as planned!”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in microbes.
  2. You are interested in large-scale environmental changes.
  3. You are interested in marine pollutants.



6. Dr. Marta Gomez-Chiarri


Who: Dr. Marta Gomez-Chiarri
Research Area: Aquaculture & Infectious Diseases
Related Programs: Biological & Environmental Sciences MS, PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Gomez-Chiarri’s lab studies infectious diseases of shellfish and finfish in marine ecosystems and aquaculture facilities. The research lab’s primary goal is to both prevent and manage these diseases. 

Dr. Gomez-Chiarri and her students use molecular tools to develop new methods of disease prevention. They analyze disease distribution patterns, disease resistance, and host-pathogen relationships.

Currently, her lab is using two methods of research to manage infectious disease in oysters:

  • Utilizing probiotics for disease management in oyster hatcheries 
  • Studying how genetics/genomics can help breed oysters with stronger disease resistance

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“I look for interest and passion for the subject of diseases of aquatic organisms (from the basic science to the applied aspects), fit of the research interests of the students with currently funded research projects, or with projects I would be interested in working and we would be able to secure funding for, and a solid background (skills and knowledge) that would allow the students to succeed in graduate school.

I also consider how those students would fit into the existing team in the lab (the incoming students are also interviewed by students currently in the lab).”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in safe and sustainable aquaculture practices.
  2. You are interested in infectious disease.
  3. You are interested in molecular analysis.



7. Amon Laboratory 


Who: Dr. Rainer M.W. Amon & Dr. Karl Kaiser
Research Area: Biogeochemistry & Arctic Oceanography
Related Programs: Oceanography MS, PhD

Lab Description:

The Amon Laboratory aims to understand how climate change influences the global carbon cycle (extending from the Siberian watersheds to the Arctic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico). 

The lab’s overarching focus is understanding how rapid climate changes in higher latitude regions are influencing lower latitudes. 

The lab collaborates with several international institutions to study dissolved organic matter in the Arctic Ocean. Through an NSF-funded project, Dr. Amon and his students study how dissolved organic matter plays a role in the carbon cycle, the transport of trace elements, and in indicating changes in the environment. 

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“Because I have international research projects it helps if the students have experience in foreign countries and are not afraid to travel and work under very basic conditions in the field. 

Increasingly, I am looking for numerical skills that allow students to work with big data sets – knowledge of MatLab or even better, Python would be a real asset – this is one reason my students go through oceanography, where courses are offered to learn the skills needed for a successful Ph.D. in my lab.” 


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in the mechanisms of climate change.
  2. You want to pursue a program with frequent travel opportunities.
  3. You are interested in enhancing your technical skills.



8. Pitt Wolfe Group


Who: Dr. Christopher L. Pitt Wolfe
Research Area: Physical Oceanography
Related Programs: Marine & Atmospheric Sciences MS, PhD

Lab Description: 

The Pitt Wolfe group studies the impacts of ocean circulation on multiple factors:

  • Climate
  • Large-scale ocean circulation
  • Interactions between large-scale circulation and eddies and/or boundary currents
  • Geophysical flows 

Currently, his lab is studying the roles tropical cyclones play in global thermodynamical cycles.

What does this mean, exactly?

Tropical cyclones can include hurricanes and typhoons. In collaboration with another laboratory at Stony Brook University, the Pitt Wolfe group is trying to figure out how climate impacts tropical cyclones and how these cyclones impact the redistribution of heat in the atmosphere and oceans. The lab is developing unique climate models to study these interactions. These models include scenarios such as:

  • an entire planet covered by ocean
  • a continent stretching pole-to-pole

Students in his lab benefit from a research track heavy in modeling and statistical analysis.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“I do fairly technical work in theoretical physical oceanography, so I usually look for students with a solid foundation of mathematics and physics. Some programming experience is also very helpful. Beyond adequate preparation, the most important personality factor I look for is a certain hunger to figure out how things work—I want someone who looks at a physical phenomenon and can’t help asking Why does it do that?”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in marine physics.
  2. You are interested in enhancing your technical skills.



9. Brooke Laboratory 


Who: Dr. Sandra D. Brooke
Research Area: Shallow to Deep-Sea Invertebrate Ecology
Related Programs: Biology MS | Biology PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Brooke’s lab studies benthic marine organisms (i.e. corals, echinoderms, and mollusks) in chemosynthetic habitats. Her research also extends to estuaries and shallow reef ecosystems. 

While her research is expansive, her lab primarily studies deep-sea corals’ reproductive biology, geographic distribution, and physiology. 

She and her students also study the reproductive strategies and biology of resident fauna of hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. Through this research, they aim to better understand complex relationships between different marine populations. 

While much of her lab’s research has focused on deep-sea ecosystems, future students can expect to conduct research in collaboration with the Apalachicola Bay System Initiative. Her lab is venturing into the use of 3-D structural modeling and machine learning tools to study the complexities of marine habitats.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“Good academic record, indication of independent thought and critical thinking skills, indications that the student is engaged in activities outside of academia, some previous research experience, especially for PhD students, and the desire or ability to Scuba dive is a bonus.


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in the connections between deep-sea and shallow marine ecosystems.
  2.  You are interested in corals.
  3. You are interested in enhancing your technical skills.



10. Tjeerdema Aquatic Toxicology & Environmental Chemistry Lab


Who: Dr. Ron Tjeerdema
Research Area: Marine/Environmental Toxicology
Related Programs: Department of Environmental Toxicology

Lab Description:

Dr. Ron Tjeerdema’s lab studies the interactions of environmental toxins (i.e. pesticides or oil dispersants) with marine and freshwater ecosystems.

One goal of his lab is to protect marine ecosystems from harmful contaminants by creating a novel identification method for pesticide sediment quality. 

His lab also studies the comparison of chemically-dispersed versus physically-dispersed oil and their impacts on fishes. He and his students are analyzing the metabolic responses and cells of these fishes to determine how toxins interact with them. This study will aid in future initiatives toward responsible use of chemical dispersants in the environment.


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in environmental/marine toxicology.
  2. You are interested in oil spills.
  3. You are interested in both marine and freshwater systems.
  4. You are interested in cellular biology.



11. Ocean Optics Lab, Scripps Institution of Oceanography 


Who: Dr. Dariusz Stramski
Research Area: Ocean Optics
Related Programs: Climate – Ocean – Atmosphere PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Stramski’s lab studies the interactions between light and the properties of seawater. His lab also aims to advance research in climate change, coastal habitats, and ocean biogeochemistry by contributing to satellite remote sensing. 

His team is developing a spectral radiometer to collect data in marine environments with low light availability. Through a NASA-funded project, they are also enhancing satellite-acquired climate data. Dr. Stramski’s lab supports NASA’s MODIS-Terra, MODIS-Aqua, and PACE missions.

His lab also studies:

  • Scattering and absorption of light by marine particles
  • Modeling of optical properties
  • The passing of light across air and sea

Students in his lab can expect a multi-disciplinary approach to their research, encompassing lab and fieldwork, theoretical modeling, satellite remote sensing, and development of oceanographic instruments.

Most recently, Dr. Stramski’s team has focused their optically-based research efforts in the Arctic seas.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“Typically, research in my lab requires background in physics and mathematics; however, because research in ocean optics and applications of optics in oceanography is interdisciplinary, suitable background may also include engineering or environmental sciences.

Interest and motivation to conduct research at frontiers of ocean optics, optical and bio-optical oceanography, and applications of optical measurements and technologies in the study of the ocean, including optical observations of the ocean from satellites.

Skillset, motivation, and passion to conduct experimental work in the lab and/or at sea, oceanographic data analysis, and/or theoretical work including modeling.

The scope of research activities in my lab is broad, so students have the opportunity to be involved in experimental or modeling-oriented projects, or both types of activities.”


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in a multi-disciplinary research experience.
  2. You are interested in ocean optics.
  3. You are interested in enhancing your technical skills.
  4. You are interested in remote sensing.



12. Dr. William Wilcock


Who: Dr. William Wilcock
Research Area: Marine Geology/Geophysics
Related Programs: Oceanography PhD

Lab Description:

Dr. Wilcock’s lab is unique for its diversity of research topics, including:

The lab recently received funding for a collaborative research study of the Axial Volcano in the northeast Pacific Ocean. He and his students will be deploying autonomous seafloor seismometers to record earthquakes and tremors resulting from the next eruption of the volcano, predicted to take place around 2023.  

Students in Dr. Wilcock’s lab invest much of their time analyzing data from a computer, which they acquire through oceanographic instruments aboard research cruises.

What do advisors look for in prospective graduate students?

“I think the most important characteristic of prospective students is that they are highly motivated because a PhD requires a sustained effort.  As a geophysicist, the students in my lab need a strong quantitative background.  Since a PhD program is all about research, I primarily recruit students who have had prior research experience either as an undergraduate or in an MS program although I recognize that some applicants may not have had those opportunities.” 


This marine research lab could be a good fit if:

  1. You are interested in marine geology or geophysics.
  2. You are interested in enhancing your technical skills.
  3. You are interested in research cruises.


Interested in learning more about marine science graduate programs? 

Graduate-level work is an investment in your future as a marine scientist. There are many variables to consider when choosing the right path – taking into account the team, the technical demands, and the focus of the research. Marine science can be a rewarding field when you are passionate about the work you are doing. This is why it’s important to choose the best marine science graduate program for you.

CJB Network’s marine biology listings provide a break-down of  PhD and Master’s programs across the United States. Each program listing links to a corresponding faculty page where you can explore labs and learn more about their research.